Feelings Emotions Perceptions Psychology Whilst Being Frightened


What are the causes of fear and anxiety


How did we get our feelings of fear and anxiety?

How did we get here?

Embracing fear emotions and exploring the reasons for them may help you prepare to take on challenges in an active way. Fear is closely linked with the feeling of anxiety, which occurs in response to threats perceived to be out of your control or cannot be avoided.  

Fear in humans can arise either in reaction to some stimulus occurring in the present or as anticipation or anticipation of future threats perceived to pose risks to self. Much like fear, anxiety tries to alert us of potential hazards and dangers. Fear describes the emotional reaction to something potentially dangerous or threatening.  

Fear is an emotion caused by perceived danger or threats, causing physiological changes and, eventually, behaviour changes, such as acting aggressively or running away from a threat. Fear is frequently listed as one of the main basic emotions, and this is because it is strongly linked to our sense of self-preservation. Because fear involves some of the same chemical reactions in our brains as positive emotions such as joy and excitement, feeling afraid can, in certain circumstances, be seen as enjoyable, such as when watching scary movies.    

When we experience these scary things with people in our lives, we often find that emotions can be contagious in positive ways. When we experience positive experiences expressing our emotions in therapy, we can shift our beliefs about the usefulness of emotions. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) using exposure therapy techniques can be especially useful in working through a fear of emotions.   

Future studies should clarify the evolutionary theories about the effects of emotions on perception and examine why decreased tactile sensitivity might be an adaptive aspect of the fear reaction. Two experiments in which a negative emotional state was introduced and fingertip 2-point discrimination abilities were measured found that fear decreased tactile sensitivity compared with anger or neutral control conditions (Studies 1 and 2). Using a different approach for emotion induction, two experiments found that fear reduces tactile sensitivity relative to anger or a neutral state.   

The rationale for an orientation discrimination task is that if emotions increase perception, discrimination should be improved after being exposed to the face of fear. In an environment far from a stimulus in which all of the physiological responses are activated, for instance, if an electrode stimulated a brain region associated with shaking without the fearful stimulus, a person or organism would not be consciously experiencing fear, according to James-Langes emotion theory. According to the James-Lange theory of emotion, one would experience the sensation of fear only after a substantial physiological stimulus had occurred.    

A core aspect of the James-Lange emotion theory is that different arousal patterns can produce different emotional experiences. When our thinking brain gives feedback to our emotional brain, and we experience that we are in a safe space, then we may rapidly change how we experience this state of elevated arousal, moving from a state of fear to a state of pleasure or excitement. This means that, in a scenario in which somebody's physiological reaction to emotions is disabled somehow, that person will still experience an emotion of fear.    

Cited Sources

Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

Planning for a photo shoot and video storyboard of a maritime observation post overlooking the treacherous Morecambe Bay

iPhone 15 Pro Max video project planning

Here is an outline of how I plan my projects.

Creating a schedule and detailed plan for a photo shoot and video storyboard of a maritime observation post overlooking a treacherous bay requires careful consideration and organization. Here are the steps you can follow:

Step 1: Initial Planning
- Identify the purpose and objectives of the photoshoot and video storyboard. Understand the vision and key elements you want to capture.
Research the maritime observation post and the treacherous bay to better understand the location and its unique features.
- Determine the date and time for the photo shoot, considering factors like lighting, weather, and accessibility to the location.

Step 2: Location Scouting and Assessment
- Visit the maritime observation post to scout the location and assess the best angles and vantage points for capturing photos and videos.
- Note any safety concerns or challenges the treacherous bay poses to ensure a safe shooting environment.
- Consider the sunrise or sunset timings for optimal lighting conditions, and plan accordingly.

Step 3: Storyboard Creation
- Develop a storyboard outlining the sequence of shots you want to capture. Include details on camera angles, movements, transitions, and key visual elements.
- Ensure the storyboard aligns with the theme and narrative you aim to convey through the photoshoot and video.
- Share the storyboard with your team or collaborators to ensure a cohesive vision and understanding of the project.

Step 4: Scheduling Details
- Create a detailed schedule outlining the photoshoot and video production timeline. Divide the day into specific time slots for various shots and sequences.
To stay on track during the shoot, allocate time for setup, equipment adjustments, breaks, and potential reshoots.
- Consider factors like travel time, parking availability, and any permissions required to access the location.

Step 5: Equipment Preparation
- Ensure all necessary equipment, iPhones, ND filters, tripods, selfie sticks (if applicable), lighting gear, and the Rode audio recording devices, are working.
- Pack extra batteries, memory cards, and accessories needed for the shoot to avoid last-minute disruptions.
- Plan for backup equipment in case of technical issues or unexpected challenges during the shoot.

Step 6: Team Coordination
- Assign roles and responsibilities to your team members, including photographers, videographers, assistants, and any talent or models involved.
- Communicate the schedule, storyboard details, and safety guidelines to ensure everyone is aligned and prepared for the shoot.
- Establish a communication plan to address any changes or issues that may arise during the photoshoot.

Step 7: Execution and Review
- Begin the photoshoot following the schedule and storyboard, capturing each shot as planned while allowing for creative flexibility and improvisation.
- Review the images and videos on location to ensure you are achieving the desired results and making necessary adjustments as needed.
- Wrap up the shoot within the scheduled time frame and discuss any additional shots or revisions before concluding the project.

Following these steps and maintaining thorough planning and organization, you can execute a successful photoshoot and video storyboard of a maritime observation post overlooking a treacherous bay.

Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

The Joy and Love of Owning a Dog 





The Joy and Love of Owning a Dog 

This content of this article and website has content powered by Apps on an Apple iPhone 15 Pro Max and FCP.

Dogs are more than just pets; they are loyal companions, faithful friends, and loving family members. Owning a dog can bring joy and love to your life in many ways. One of the benefits of owning a dog is that they can improve your physical and mental health. Studies have shown that dog owners have lower blood pressure, lower cholesterol, lower stress levels, and better immune systems than non-dog owners .

Dogs can also help you stay active and fit, as they need regular walks, playtime, and exercise. By taking care of your dog, you are also taking care of yourself. Another benefit of owning a dog is that they can provide you with emotional support and companionship.





Dogs can sense your mood and emotions, and they will always be there to comfort you, cheer you up, and make you laugh. Dogs can also help you cope with loneliness, depression, anxiety, and grief. They can also help you socialize and make new friends, as they are natural ice-breakers and conversation starters. A third benefit of owning a dog is that they can teach you valuable life lessons and skills.

Dogs can teach you about responsibility, patience, empathy, loyalty, and unconditional love. They can also teach you how to live in the present, enjoy the simple things, and appreciate the beauty of nature.









Dogs can also inspire you to be more adventurous, curious, and playful. Owning a dog is not always easy, but it is always rewarding. Dogs can enrich your life in so many ways, and they will always give you their best. If you are looking for a pet that can bring you joy and love, consider adopting a dog. You will not regret it.





Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

Training dogs requires time, patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement.




Training dogs requires time, patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. 


Here are some important tips for training dogs:


  1. Start training early: Begin training your dog as soon as you bring them home to establish good behaviors and prevent bad habits from forming.


  1. Use positive reinforcement: Reward your dog with treats, praise, or toys when they exhibit the desired behavior. This encourages them to repeat the behavior.


  1. Be consistent: Use the same commands and rules consistently to avoid confusion. Dogs learn best through repetition and routine.


  1. Keep training sessions short and fun: Dogs have short attention spans, so keep training sessions brief, frequent, and enjoyable to keep them engaged.


  1. Be patient: Every dog learns at their own pace, so be patient and understanding during the training process. Avoid punishing or scolding your dog for mistakes.





  1. Use clear and simple commands: Use short, clear commands when training your dog to make it easier for them to understand what you want.


  1. Socialize your dog: Expose your dog to different people, animals, and environments to help them become well-adjusted and friendly.


  1. Seek professional help if needed: If you're having difficulty training your dog or if they exhibit behavior issues, consider consulting a professional dog trainer for guidance and support.


Remember that training is a lifelong process, and consistency is key to helping your dog become a well-behaved and happy companion.









Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

Birthing Birth Of A Baby and Early Years Psychology



Newborn baby

In different cultures and societies, what are the similarities and differences in early years care?

As many as 50-75% of new mothers will have postpartum blues. About 70-80 percent of women who have had an abortion experience the baby blues for several days. Most new mothers will experience the baby blues after birth, which usually include mood changes, crying spells, anxiety, and sleep difficulties.   Any new mom may experience postpartum depression, which may develop after any child is born, not just their first. Postpartum depression in dads--sometimes called fatherly postpartum depression--can have similar negative effects on the partners' relationship and on their children's development that mommy-induced postpartum depression does. Postpartum depression can have ripple effects, creating emotional distress for anyone around a new baby.    

Sometimes, the woman experiences temporary withdrawal from a baby whose birth caused grief or emotional trauma. Or the new mom might feel an overwhelming need to care for herself, with the pain and exhaustion competing with her interest in her newborn. It can also depend on the mother's receptiveness--or the partners that baby has experienced--to her infant.    

When the infant or toddler is less available to latch on and latch on because of an earlier injury, the infant or toddler may not react the way one would expect when parents try to comfort, soothe, and bond. If a mother is depressed, and thus is not emotionally engaged with her infant, these infants are in danger, as these infants are not learning about themselves. Babies are used to whoever is more familiar, so if you are around a mother who is depressed and less responsive, those babies are going to respond more to those less responsive, and therefore they are perpetuating the risk factor themselves.   

Infants are likely to learn feelings more easily through other people because people are responsive to babies. One thing babies learn very early on is that their actions influence the responses of others--they feel they are active agents in the environment, and that, as such, the world is more than a show of sounds and lights. Brain development, learning ability, emotional stability, physical coordination, early language skills, and self-esteem are all affected by life's first experiences.    

Although newborns have an unconscious mind, these early experiences serve as a blueprint for the future mental development that follows. This influence of the bond between mother and baby, which occurs so early in life, has an important impact on a baby's later psychological development. What it shows is that what newborns or premature babies are exposed to does not just affect their capacity for bonding and making decisions later on in life, but it actually contributes to the structure of their brains and nervous systems.   

Infants are still growing, they are not yet fully formed, and the experiences and reactions from the earliest stages are being integrated into their developing bodies and nervous systems. In the neonate period, the stress regulatory system influences the baby's ability to form attachments to others, explore and learn about their world, and receive feedback from others that helps it to grow. When a mother's labour is contracted, or when a birth is difficult, structural damage in these areas of a child's body may result in lasting effects on the nervous system. 

Add prolonged, challenging labor, forceps-assisted birth, or life-threatening circumstances, and the birthing experience can be exceptionally traumatizing. Parents' physical and emotional well-being impacts their ability to care for children and engage in the responsive, nurturing interactions infants and toddlers need to develop healthy, long-term selves. Too many infants and toddlers are deprived of a nurturing, responsive environment that positively shapes developing brains and bodies, and is instead exposed to early adversity that suppresses optimal growth and development.  

No one temperament type is necessarily good or bad, however, children with challenging temperaments are more likely to have emotional problems than other children, particularly if the mother is a depressed or anxious caretaker (Garthus-Nigel et al., 2017). On the flip side, researchers are discovering how emphasizing the physical touch between babies and parents can be beneficial for both, and how consistently engaging with babies emotionally may accelerate their development and recognition of their own identities. We have known for a while that having a lot of skin-to-skin contact with your little ones is essential for their development.   

Consistent with previous findings on the importance of neurobiological well-being and postnatal timing between mothers and babies (Carter, 2014; Feldman, 2015; Mooney-Leber and Brummelte, 2017), our findings suggest that a positive birth experience can increase maternal mood after delivery as well as mothers perceptions of the infant's first temperament, encouraging happier, more fulfilling relationships in both. Indeed, our findings suggest that a mother's subjective responses to birth influence her perceptions of the infant's behavior more than the objective physiological experience. Although the mother's contentment with birth, including operative delivery experiences and care received by mothers, is highly relevant, we were particularly interested in the wider potential effects that the mother's physiological and psychological responses to her pregnancy, delivery, and postnatal experiences have on her infant.    

The purpose of the present study was to explore how mother's physical and psychological experiences with pregnancy, delivery, and early postnatal time might relate to mothers' beliefs about their infant's behavior, taking into consideration wider demographic factors for mothers, postnatal emotions, and personalities. These findings further support current recommendations from the World Health Organizations Intrapartum Guidelines (2018) about the importance of making birth a positive experience for women.    Show Source Texts

Mothers also perceived their babies to be more alert-responsive (beta = 0.080, P = 0.010) and easier to care for in general (beta = 0.085, P = 0.008) following the supported birth experience. For instance, the age of the infant (Beta = 0.440, p = 0.000) was the most significant predictor of Alert-Responsive behaviour in the infant, followed by maternal positive postnatal experiences (Beta = 0.181, p = 0.000).    

Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

Visual Anthropology | Mobilities | A classic yacht Overlord sailing adventure | Navigating West coast Ireland


FABIAN Approaching Baltimore



The Offshore Cruising Club's classic 68' 19-ton yacht Overlord sailed over three hundred miles from Plymouth to Dingle on the west coast of Ireland.





Mobilities is a new pedagogy in response to the increasing realization of the historic and contemporary importance of movement involving individuals and society: the flow of information, goods, people, transport, and money. In a crowded World, it delivers insights into a new understanding of how the world operates. This article it's going to focus on voyages and trips made by boats.

Part of the pleasures enjoyed in cruising are sailing into brand-new harbours, anchorages, and seeing new cultures, and people with different beliefs and values. Ireland gave a new perspective on the political history to The Welsh, English, and Italian Crew.

Nothing is so exciting as sailing on the ocean on a starlit night. Out there, alone, there is a real sense of being alone and being dependent upon your own actions and agency to survive.

Around the world, there are marinas filled with thousands and thousands of yachts. Some are never used - others make long intrepid voyages. Here, is an account of a 1936 classic yacht making a 300-mile voyage. Although insignificant compared to an ocean voyage it contained all the characteristics of a sea voyage: a crew meeting for the first time in a crowded space and venturing into a challenging environment. Would they be up to it?


After leaving Plymouth and taking the southerly route past the Scilly Isles the powerful sailing vessel ventured into moderate Atlantic swells and fresh winds driven by complex weather systems. Soon everything was soaked above and below decks. Can you handle this?


After being on many voyages in these conditions you can easily see crew members who shape up and become key figures for the success of the trip. Others succumb to seasickness, and lack of moral courage, and decide that ocean life is not for them. These people miss blue skies, warm skies, hot sands and gentle zephyrs. How would they manage on a Viking longboat, a Spanish galleon sailing to the Americas, or a fishing boat off the grand Banks?



Longest Day Baltimore West Cork



The challenging weather conditions tested the crew, however, the voyage delivered rich rewards in leading to a better understanding of Irish history and culture.



County Kerry Wild Atlantic Way Poster



Here is the link to Eddy Jackson's Adobe My Portfolio: Overlord Trip 14 Skellig Michael.




Jonathan Cape Clear Island Overlord T14




This work is set within the context of guidelines for recording visual ethnographic projects.

Check out the previous posts on the importance of developing your own style and genre.

The broader implications of mobilities come from scholars in anthropologycultural studieseconomicsgeographymigration studiesscience and technology studies.


In the ancient world voyages using the sea and rivers was the prime mode of transport. Dense forests and poor overland travel roots presented challenges for carrying goods.

Along the coast of Western Europe, there is evidence of voyages and traders coming from the Mediterranean, the Baltic, and Scandinavian countries.

How did sailing progress over the millennia?

How did society evolve?

What is the impact of a nation's maritime heritage?

How did we reach this position?

There are powerful tools for tracking shipping. AIS provide instant verification of shipping. For example, whilst taking the southerly route around the Scilly Isles there was a large volume of maritime traffic making its way into the western approaches and the English Channel. However, as we tracked Northwest towards the Atlantic Irish coast the density quickly diminished and only showed a few fishing vessels and the odd sailing boat.



Check out Wiki for a detailed presentation:






34 yachting and sailing videos ad-free on Vimeo:






Sailing Terms 


Surging waves cool wind black markings telling direction 

Submerged rocks silent danger shallow channels rocky headlands 

Big tides fast currents swirling overfalls steep cliffs  

Hidden coves flashing transits prominent marks bright screen 

Chart plotter sandy estuaries harbour cill wooden pontoon 

Bowline cleat green seaweed damp locker salty clothes 

Bright phosphoresce black nights flashing nights 

Prominent headlands glossy varnish graceful lines 

Narrow beam coach roof sliding hatch coloured halyards 

Grey chain heavy anchor dark forecastle narrow berth 

Damp cushions slow oven pitching yawl vhf channel 

Distant voices nautical chatter white horses mares tails 

Mackerel skies white beaches steep cliff zig-zag path 

Sailing south curving foil dusty track isolated islands 

Rolling seas  powering boat rocky outcrops big tides 

Slicing crests Channel chop swirling races strong eddies  

Chrome windlass trimmed genoa fast currents cold north easterly 

Attacking wind flowing tides high pressure long fetch 

Pushing boat fresh faces expert seamanship change tack 

Wooden tiller steering course bearing 180 navigation waypoint 

Black arrow indicating wind pilotage plan compass course 

Grey gauge telling speed orange flares safety gear 

Taut rigging countering forces life raft engine check 

Sleek bow cutting waves gas bottle MOB practice  

Grey waves causing spray reefing line chart position 

Wooden decks glistening wet weather forecast safety harness 

Scroll menu yellow EPIRB fire blanket horseshoe lifebuoy 

Spare antenna parachute rockets dan buoy quick stop 

Close reach admiralty chart estimated position chart symbol 

Identifying lights clearing bearing waypoint navigation log alarm 

Separation scheme overtaking vessel sound signal one blast 

Met Office weather report red ensign flag etiquette 

Q flag Irish flag clove hitch seacocks open 




For more, check out Overlord's summer cruise to the west coast of Ireland:


Adobe My Portfolio: Trip 14 Dingle and Skellig Michael.


Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

Green New Deal bird life impact



Green New Deal bird life impact


As I roam the country lanes and footpaths, along the babbling brooks flowing off the fells, I am overwhelmed and in awe of the wonder of nature.




Yet, there is nagging doubt in my mind about how any wildlife can survive and compete against the merciless onslaught of continuous technological and economic development.




Who and what are the weak links in these powerful processes?




What is the impact of man's agency upon the environment?




An important signpost and distinguishing characteristic involve ornithology. Have you noticed that there are not so many swallows, wrens, curlews, shelducks and other birds around? Why?




Let's consider the proclamations of the political parties regarding the environment. How do these, business economics, and political proclamations impact the world?




Many planning applications are opposed with compelling arguments citing that wildlife and the natural environment will be destroyed forever.




At committee meetings in town halls considering these applications, a nod off the head, with no cognizance to the arguments about preserving wildlife, signals the approval to go ahead. It is a widespread practice and a feature in town and city planning committees. 

Check out The Guardians reportage on this environmental concern.


Best regards,

Eddy Jackson

Ethnocynology how do canines and humans interact


A Border Terrier seeking shelter from the summer sun



A German Pointer is being trained by its owner.


What is the relationship between dogs and their owners?

How do they interact and what are the implications?


What is the role of dogs in contrasting societies?



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field



Gabriel Isla Border Terrier Pilling Dog Field


Best regards,

Eddy Jackson